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CBD – The Basics

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CBD has become a popular supplement in recent years. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the cultivation and sale of hemp at the federal level. As a result, there are more CBD products on the market than ever before. In this article, we will explain what CBD is and how it is commonly sold.

What is CBD?

CBD is an abbreviation of cannabidiol. It is one of over a hundred cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. CBD is used by millions of people all over the world as a supplement to enhance their overall wellbeing*.

THC is the cannabinoid that causes the “high” associated with marijuana. THC is not as widely present in the hemp that most CBD is derived from, which is why CBD is not psychoactive. Unlike CBD’s popular cousin, Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, CBD is non-psychoactive. This means that CBD does not get people “high.” Historically, THC has received more of the spotlight, probably because of the psychoactive effects referenced above, and CBD has not received the attention that it deserves.

What is the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana?

Hemp and Marijuana come from strains of the cannabis plant. Marijuana has high levels of THC, up to 30%, and is classified as a class 1 controlled substance by the US Federal government.

Hemp has low THC levels and has historically been used to make textiles, rope, and even biodiesel fuel. Hemp seeds are also used as a source of plant-based protein. The 2018 Farm Bill defines legal hemp as having less than .03% THC.

While CBD and other cannabinoids can be extracted from marijuana or hemp, all Nacai Athletics CBD products are derived from legal hemp and tested [tested link to lab results] for THC and other impurities.

Types of CBD Oil

CBD oil is relatively new to many consumers and the terminology like raw oil, concentrates, extracts, and distillates can be confusing. Here are a few examples of different forms of CBD:

Raw Oil, Distillate, and Concentrate

When the hemp plant is first processed, the result is a raw oil. In addition to CBD and the other cannabinoids and terpenes, the raw oil also contains natural waxes, chlorophyll, and other impurities. The raw oil is then further refined and filtered to different specifications such as “distillate” or “concentrate.”

Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate

There are three common types of CBD oil: Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate.

Full spectrum CBD is the least processed form of CBD and contains all the cannabinoids and terpenes that are present in the hemp. Full spectrum CBD oil also includes a trace amount of THC, which is why many people opt for broad spectrum or isolate.

Broad spectrum CBD also has all the natural beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant but goes through additional processing to ensure that all the THC has been removed. At this time, all Nacai Athletics CBD products contain only broad spectrum CBD oil.

CBD Isolate has all other cannabinoids and terpenes removed and is just pure CBD.

How does CBD Work with My Body?

The human body is built to interact with cannabinoids through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which also plays a role in a range of central nervous system activities. The endocannabinoid system is also found in many other animals. The ECS is comprised of three components:

  • Cannabinoid receptors, or nodes, which are located throughout the body, in the brain and other organs, tissues, glands, and immune cells
  • Endogenous cannabinoids which are native to the human body, the most common of which are anandamide and 2-AG, and
  • Enzymes which help with cannabinoid synthesis

Endogenous cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids (derived from plants) interact with cannabinoid receptors when they are released or ingested. The endocannabinoid system is believed to play role in a range of biological processes including appetite, energy, metabolism, sleep patterns, immune response, and more.

How Can CBD Help Me?

People turn to CBD for a wide range of wellness benefits. Some people use CBD to help normalize sleep cycles, to maintain a sense of balance and wellbeing, or to help manage their recovery and performance.

For more information on how CBD works and what CBD can do for your body, be sure to subscribe to the Nacai Athletics e-newsletter!

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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